Humphrey Bogart & Ingrid Bergman: Sex, Scandals, and Secrets of the Stars of "Casablanca"
Set in Casablanca, Morocco in 1941 in the early stages of World War II and before America entered the conflict, Bogart and Bergman played ill-fated lovers in one of Hollywood's greatest romance movies: Casablanca.
In the movie, the two characters are involved in a forbidden love triangle that can only end in pain for each of them.
In real life, both of the Casablanca stars were "players," and lived life in the fast lane, enjoying everything fame and wealth had to offer them, and more. And although they weren't particularly close to each other when the cameras stopped rolling, their on-camera acting was so convincing, this movie is a romantic classic with millions of fans worldwide.
Of all the Humphrey Bogart movies, this one will always be the one he's most remembered for.
Here are some of the details from their private lives and other Casablanca cast members who sometimes led turbulent lives off-screen.
Humphrey Bogart: Jilted Lover Rick Everyone Loved in Casablanca
Humphrey Bogart: Bogie and His "Baby" Bride
One of the most famous movie quotes in all of Hollywood history is Humphrey Bogart's "goodbye" in Casablanca to his one-time lover, Ilsa, played by Ingrid Bergman.
"Here's looking at you, kid."
Of the 100 most memorable movie quotes ranked by the American Film Institute (AFI), Bogie's farewell to Bergman ranks fifth.
And it was looking at a "kid" that led 44-year-old Bogart into an affair and later marriage, with a 19-year-old teen named Lauren Bacall.
Humphrey Bogart was one of Hollywood's hottest actors in the 1930s and 1940s. After serving in the U.S. Navy during World War I, the growly-voiced actor broke into silent movies and then made a successful transition to talkies where he became a cultural icon, and later named by the AFI as the greatest male star of Classic American cinema.
"The problem with the world is that everyone is a few drinks behind."— Humphrey Bogart
While he enjoyed considerable success in his acting career in the 1930s, he became a top box office leading man after his two 1941 movies High Sierra, and The Maltese Falcon hit the big screen. And in 1942 he played Rick Blaine in the all-time romantic classic, Casablanca. He was nominated for a Best Actor Academy Award for the role, but lost to Paul Lukas for Watch on the Rhine.
Casablanca was about a doomed romance that occurred during World War II and has the distinction of having the most quotes (six) from the movie's dialogue listed in the AFI's 100 most memorable movie quotes. No other movie came close. Of the six quotes, five are given in the movie by Humphrey Bogart, by far the most of any actor or actress in all Hollywood history.
The other five Casablanca famous lines in the Top 100 are:
- "Louis, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship." Ranked #20.
- "Play it, Sam. Play 'As Time Goes By.'" Ranked #28.
- "Round up the usual suspects." Ranked #32.
- "We'll always have Paris." Ranked #43
- "Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, she walks into mine." Ranked #67.
If Casablanca movie trivia interests you, you can learn more fascinating facts about America's favorite cinematic romance by clicking here.
At the end of his career, Bogart had received three Best Actor nominations, winning in 1951 for The African Queen. He often played a hardened cynic with a good heart, and some of the great Humphrey Bogart movies include King of the Underworld, Angels With Dirty Faces, The Big Sleep, Dark Passage, The Maltese Falcon, Key Largo, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Sabrina, The Caine Mutiny, and too many others to list.
However, in his private life, the actor didn't always enjoy a "happy ending" when it came to romance.
Born in 1899, he married a beautiful New York City native named Helen Mencken in 1926 but they divorced a year later. In 1928 he married Mary Philips an aspiring actress who shared Bogart's fondness for alcohol. When they separated before divorcing in 1937, they considered themselves to be in a "modern marriage" and allowed each other to have relationships with other people. Bogart's third marriage took place shortly after his second divorce and he married Oregon-born actress Mayo Methot in 1938. However, this marriage pretty much ended once 44-year-old Humphrey Bogart laid eyes on a stunning, 19-year-old teenage beauty named Lauren Bacall.
Bogie and Bacall met for the first time in 1944 on the set of To Have and Have Not. Soon they were involved in a sizzling love affair even though Bogart was married to his third wife Mayo. Calling his newest partner "Baby," Bogart was very discreet, keeping their illicit affair to brief encounters out of the public eye. When they couldn't be together, Bogart would write endearing love letters to his young mistress stressing his passion and adoration for her.
His relationship with Bacall crossed a line Bogie had never stepped over before. Although he had cheated on his wives in the past, this was his first affair with one of his leading ladies.
Humphrey Bogart and his 25-year-younger sweetheart married in 1945 shortly after he divorced Mayo. He and Bacall remained married until his death in 1957. Shortly after Bogie's death, Bacall announced she was engaged to singer Frank Sinatra. There were rumors that she'd begun seeing the singer while still married to the ailing Bogart. Whether true or not, Sinatra ended the relationship and Bacall later married actor Jason Robards in 1961 in Ensenada, Mexico.
Decades after his death, many of the Humphrey Bogart movies make critics' lists of Top 100 Hollywood films.
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Ingrid Bergman: The Swede Who Liked to Swing
Swedish-born actress Ingrid Bergman is considered one of the greatest female actors of all-time and is one of the few actresses to take home three Oscars during her career. She won two Best Actress Oscars, first in 1944 for Gaslight, and a second in 1956 for Anastasia. She also won a Best Supporting Actress Oscar for 1974's Murder on the Orient Express. In 1999 she was named the fourth Greatest Screen Legends actress by the American Film Institute (AFI).
Bergman was born in Stockholm, Sweden in 1915 and after achieving success in European films, came to America where she became a bonafide international big screen movie star. Some of the more memorable Ingrid Bergman movies are Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Gaslight, The Bells of St. Mary's, and Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound, and Notorious.
When she signed to play Ilsa Lund in 1942's Casablanca for $25,000, Bergman had no idea the movie would be considered her most significant cinematic achievement. And despite the romantic chemistry that movie fans around the world adored, off-screen there was no "sizzle" between Bergman and Bogart, even though the actress already had a reputation for fooling around with her leading men.
The fact that she was several inches taller than Bogart may have been a factor. When they were filming, the shorter Bogart often had to wear 3" wooden platforms tied to his shoes. The actress once remarked how much she enjoyed acting with Gary Cooper since she didn't have to film barefooted.
There would be many other Ingrid Bergman movies over the years and apparently Casablanca was not one of her favorites. "I made so many films which were more important, but the only one people ever want to talk about is that one with Bogart," she once said.
It is curious that of the six Casablanca movie quotes in AFI's Top 100, Bergman doesn't deliver a single one. Bogart said five of them, and Claude Rains the sixth.
In 1950 while married to Petter Lindstrom, Bergman began an affair with director Robert Rossellini. They had a baby son they named Roberto. She divorced Lindstrom and married Rossellini. During her 13-year marriage to Lindstrom, the actress had occasionally had flings and affairs with some of her leading men and male co-stars, including photographer Robert Capa and actor Gregory Peck. Sometimes she juggled several lovers at a time, but the revelation of her affair and pregnancy with Rossellini caused her to be blacklisted in Hollywood.
No one was sure if Bergman would ever work in American cinema again and she remained in Italy where she and Rossellini made their home. After a six year hiatus from the Hollywood film industry, Bergman returned to the American screen in the 1956 movie Anastasia and was welcomed back by winning her second Best Actress Oscar.
All was forgiven, but she and Rossellini divorced the following year after Rossellini had an affair with an Indian actress named Sonali Das Gupta who he later married. Bergman married a third and final time in 1958 to Lars Schmidt, a wealthy Swedish theatrical entrepreneur with whom she'd had an affair during the final year of her marriage to Rossellini. This union also dissolved in divorce in 1975.
In the final years of her life, Ingrid Bergman battled breast cancer and passed away on her birthday: August 29, 1982. She was 67 years old. She was cremated and her ashes scattered off the west coast of Sweden.
Paul Henreid -- Blacklisted as a Communist Sympathizer
In the movie Casablanca, Paul Henreid played the part of Victor Laszlo, husband to Ingrid Bergman's character Ilsa, and avowed Nazi-fighter.
However, in real life Henreid's American patriotism may not have been so cut-and-dry.
Henreid was born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary, which today is part of northeastern Italy. He came to America in the late 1930s, making his first appearance in 1939's Goodbye Mr. Chips playing the part of Staefel, the German master. His European accent largely typecast him for the next decade as he was called upon repeatedly to play German characters as war movies were very popular at the time.
Like Bogart and Bergman, Henreid's stock in Hollywood went up during the 1940s but came to a screeching halt when he was investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee in the early 1950s. It was the period of the McCarthy "Red Scare," and because Henreid was vocal in his opposition to what he perceived to be a communist witch hunt, he was blacklisted and branded a "communist sympathizer," effectively ending his career.
Although his career never fully recovered, in 1957 director Alfred Hitchcock ignored the blacklisting and potential public outcry and hired Henried to direct dozens of episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents. Henreid also managed to find some work behind the camera for Desilu, Screen Gems and a few other companies.
Henreid appeared in his last motion picture, Exorcist II: The Heretic in 1977 and retired from the screen. He died on March 29, 1992 and is buried in Woodland Cemetery in Santa Monica, California.
Casablanca And Why It's Still Popular Today
Having just enjoyed its 75th anniversary, the movie Casablanca continues to attract new fans from around the world.
As an autograph dealer who specialize in vintage Hollywood autographs, I have the dvd, and several books about the movie that I regularly enjoy perusing.
One of the books I recently acquired is Noah Isenberg's critically acclaimed . Isenberg does an excellent job revealing little known facts about the movie, such as Jack Warner's battle with war-time film censors, his inclusion on a Nazi "hit list," as well as sharing some great trivia about many of the movie's supporting players. We'll Always Have Casablanca
I loved the info about how there was some real consideration of filming a sequel that would follow the lives of Rick, Ilsa, and Renault after Ilsa and Lazlo's plane flies off at the end of the movie.
If you're a Casablanca movie fan, this is one book that you will enjoy from cover-to-cover.
Claude Rains: The Man With Six Wives
In Casablanca, actor Claude Rains played a villain who turned out to be a nice guy. He played the part of Capt. Louis Renault so well he was rewarded with an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. And, one of his lines from the movie, "Round up the usual suspects," has been named the 32nd most memorable movie quote of all time by the American Film Institute (AFI).
When the movie was being filmed during the summer of 1942, Rains was paid $4,000 a week to play the French gendarme who was secretly sympathetic to the Allies. The story takes place in Casablanca, a city in Morocco, during the early stages of World War II. Like his co-stars Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, the movie would be the one he's most remembered for.
However, Casablanca wasn't Rains' only big screen success. Some of the more memorable Claude Rains movies were 1933's The Invisible Man, The Adventures of Robin Hood, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, The Wolf Man, Kings Row, Notorious, Lawrence of Arabia, and many others. He was nominated four times in the Best Supporting Actor category for the Academy Awards, but never won. He turned down some juicy parts over the years, including playing Klaatu in 1951's The Day the Earth Stood Still, and also Mr. Doolittle in My Fair Lady. None-the-less, he is considered one of the great character actors in Hollywood history.
Off-screen the actor's love life was often in disarray. He was married six times, divorcing his first five wives and outliving his sixth. His first wife was stage actress Isabel Jeans, and the marriage lasted just two years, from 1913 to 1915. Five years later he tried again, tying the knot with Marie Hemingway, but this lasted just a few months. Rains' third wife was a woman named Beatrix Thomson. They married in 1924, separated in 1928, but didn't officially divorce until 1935. His fourth time up to bat was with Frances Propper, and it looked like Claude had finally met his marital match. They married in 1935 and stayed married until 1956, divorcing after Rains learned she'd been cheating on him with a dress shop owner. Rains was so distraught at losing his fourth wife, he got drunk and crashed his car and came close to being burned to death.
Wife Number Five was a classical pianist named Agi Jambor, and they married in November 1959, only to divorce a year later. Rains' final wife was Rosemary Clark Schrode whom he'd married in 1960 shortly after his divorce from Agi. This was his sixth and final marriage and it lasted until her death on New Year's Eve in 1964.
After Rosemary's death, Rains never married again. He spent his remaining years in Sandwich, a small town in New Hampshire, dying at age 77 from an abdominal hemorrhage. Rains was interred In Moultonborough, New Hampshire at the Red Hill Cemetery.
Peter Lorre and His Secret Morphine Addiction
Peter Lorre didn't have a large part in Casablanca, but like his co-stars, it is the movie he's most associated with.
Born in 1904 in Austria-Hungary, Lorre began his acting career on stage in Vienna, then began making films in Germany in the late 1920s. One of his German films created quite a controversy. The movie "M" was filmed in 1931 and Lorre played a serial killer preying on adolescent girls. But when Hitler came to power, Lorre moved first to England, and then settled in Hollywood where his career flourished.
Hitchcock signed him to act in 1934's The Man Who Knew Too Much, and although he was actively filming a number of movies during the 1930s, American screengoers knew him best as Mr. Moto, a crime-solving Japanese detective. Warner Brothers liked his work and in 1941 signed him to a meaty role opposite rising star Humphrey Bogart in the 1941 movie The Maltese Falcon, which made Bogart a bonafide big time movie star and Lorre shared in the movie's success. The following year both Bogart and Lorre were teamed again, only this time in one of cinema's all time most popular movies, Casablanca. Lorre was paid a mere $500 for his work, but the movie made him a star.
These two movies are probably the most popular in the list of Peter Lorre movies, although there were many others. Some of the Peter Lorre films still enjoyed today on late night TV are Arsenic and Old Lace, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, The Beast With Five Fingers, Tales of Terror, The Raven, and many others.
But during all the years of his cinematic success, Lorre had a deep, dark secret: like Dracula star Bela Lugosi, Lorre was addicted to morphine.
In the 1920s Lorre had suffered from intestinal problems and a poorly performed surgery in Switzerland left him with severe abdominal pain. Daily injections of morphine helped at first, but soon became an uncontrollable habit. He entered a German sanitarium a few years after the surgery for his drug problem, but by the time he moved to Hollywood he was back on the morphine, and continued to use the powerful narcotic during the 1930s and 1940s. He was even high when he filmed The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca.
There are conflicting accounts as to exactly how, and when he was able to eventually overcome his addiction, but his long term use of the drug, combined with his heavy drinking and smoking only served to worsen his health problems.
Peter Lorre died on March 23, 1964 at the age of 59 from a stroke. He was cremated and his ashes interred at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California, and his eulogy was read by his best friend, actor Vincent Price.
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